Types of Hair Shears

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What kind of cutting and styling jobs are you an expert at? The type of styling job requires a specific type of hair shear, and choosing the right one can make all the difference. There are various kinds of hair shears and they can be categorized in a number of ways: by handle, by blade edge, by metal and by scissor type.

When it comes to metal, the steel quality makes a big difference in a pair of hair shears. Durable blades offer a higher performance for longer. Steel hardness is measured with the Rockwell scale and most hairdressing blades use stainless steels that range from Rc 48 to Rc 62. High quality precision shears will range from Rc 54 to Rc 62, anything lower than Rc 53 is lesser quality and therefore less durable. Some steels are combined with other elements such as cobalt to make them stronger and sharper. The most expensive hair shears are made with titanium because it’s the most resilient metal.

With scissor type, there are numerous kinds that are used for specific styling jobs. The hair cutting shear is a basic pair with straight edges for general cutting. Then there’s the thinning shear, used to remove bulk and decrease volume by thinning out the hair and blending it. The texturizing shear can reduce 20 percent bulk and create texture in hairstyles. You can also find the left handed shear which is a specially made shear for left-handed hair stylists.
As for handles, there’s the classic handle for thumbs up cutting, the offset for thumbs down cutting, the semi offset which is a combination of the classic and the offset, the crane handle which is lower than the offset version and is used for thumbs down cutting and lastly the swivel handle with a thumb ring that rotates 360 degrees to let you cut thumbs up or thumbs down.

Blade edges also determine the type of shear and the kind of cutting it can do. We have the convex edge (40-50 degrees) which is used for slide cutting and wet hair, the semi convex edge (40-45 degrees) which is sharp and precise, the bevel edge (30-50 degrees) for dry and oily hair cutting and the custom edge (45-50 degrees) which is semi convexed at a slightly lower degree than the convex angle.

Once you know which type of hair shear you need, it will be a lot easier to buy a pair of your own.

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